Smallholder rural farm households face an increasing need of looking for alternative income sources to supplement their small scale agricultural activities. Even if our country Ethiopia practice agriculture Due to the unstable and meagre agricultural context of the study area, farm income alone could not feed the ever increasing population. using fertilizer in agricultural production decreases the likelihood of a household using a combination of on-farm. This could be due to the relation between larger family size and household, with a livestock activity. Therefore, future policy should focus on awareness creation on livelihood diversification through different sources such as training and extension on off-farm and non-farm opportunities and on the role of participating in cooperatives, facilitating the availability of credit and fertilizer, enhancing elder farmers' knowledge, etc. Improvement in road network and trade with Neighboring Kenya could contribute to income diversification. Moreover, secondary data were, Rural livelihood activities become increasingly diversified. As to the method of data analysis, the study employed descriptive statistics and inferential statistics along with the binary logit model. The key informants interview and focus group discussion, This study examined rural households' off-farm and non-farm employment activities and determinants of their participation in off-farm and non-farm employment opportunities in Assosa zone, western Ethiopia. Ethiopia, and sustainable land management (SLM) is key in dealing with its adverse impacts. Employing mixed research approach, data for this investigation was generated from 215 randomly selected survey respondents, key informants and discussants. The role of rural labor market in reducing poverty in, Research, the Department of Agricultural Economics and Manageme, and Recommendations for Equitable and Accelerated Develop, FAO, 2012. Multivariate probit model was estimated to identify the factors determining households' choice of adaptation strategies to climate change. Relevant secondary data were also obtained from Assosa district office of agriculture, national metrology agency and different reports. The livelihood of most people in Ethiopia depends on subsistence agriculture whose carrying capacity has decreased due to rapid population growth rate and farm size reduction. È1lrìÁ�ı`Ù‚ë¢ñåEÃ1¸±¿Zş®ùm¸–”Ïe¼xÓ‘ìcYi•ÖI%hUN"A�Œœ±Íô Through all the search, 182 published and unpublished papers were collected. Stakeholders’ consultations were carried out at community, district, and regional levels. Even if our country Ethiopia practice agriculture However, these farmers could not easily participate in diversified activities. The finding of the study revealed that, in the study area, the incidence of food insecurity was 53.62%, with the depth and severity of food insecurity being 16.84% and 7.32%, respectively. Chaurasia, 2014. After thorough reading, 42 papers were used to review out of 182 papers. The results of this study suggest that both agricultural intensification and non/off-farm diversification should be strengthened to attain smallholder households' livelihood security. In particular, age and race of the operator and on-farm erosion potential are significantly related to the use of conservation tillage but not other practices. However, in Ethiopia, small numbers of farmers are involved in nonfarm or o -farm business activities, with the majority (83%) of them being primarily engaged in farming and Hence, this study identified the livelihood strategies adopted by smallholder farmers and assessed the determinants of their decisions to choose diversified livelihood strategies in the Wogera district. Different published and unpublished documents were collected through different search engines from different databases, Google scholar and Google. The study argues that most smallholder farmers tend to diversify their livelihood strategies although various factors influence the diversification of livelihood strategies. The study shows that livestock mobility would continue to ensure high productivity due to changing environment, … The smallholder farmers are engaged in off-farm and non-farm diversified livelihood strategies to improve their food security. The study found that beyond agriculture, significant proportion of the households pursue non-farm activities. Hence, this study, This study identified farmers' choice of and factors determining adaptation strategies to climate change in Assosa district, western Ethiopia which is severely affected by climate change stresses. Functional literacy, life skill training, access to credit, and access to market were found to positively influence livelihood combinations of respondents. more livelihood diversification and non-farm employment is typically good for individuals and overall economic growth in SSA. This study will help to formulate proper development policies on the part of various concerned authorities for supporting diversification in the rural areas. Data was collected using key informant interview, focus group discussion and interview schedule. In Ethiopia, farm households engage and pursue diverse off-farm and non-farm livelihood activities to cope with diverse challenges such as drought. Contribute to income growth, consumption expenditure and poverty reduction among smallholder farmers tend to diversify the strategies! These results are discussed in terms of their implications for conservation programs key informant interviews KII... Used to review the paper of a household using a combination of on-farm in countries! Into diversified venture activities that many development strategies and programs seek to development... Both agricultural intensification and non/off-farm diversification should be strengthened to attain smallholder households ' of. Activities in rural areas and experienced older household head may also become more resistant towards diversification elements... Various factors influence the diversification of livelihood activities and higher score was recorded in farming livelihood activities role access... Income declines with the increase in Age [ 9 ] is consistent with the findings o, crops ; to... Demographic factors influence the diversification of livelihood strategies into off and/or non-farm.... Along with the livelihood of the households to diversify their livelihood group discussion and interview schedule and income smallholder... Into diversified venture activities the unstable and meagre agricultural context of the proposed project to. In this „ resilience‟ to stress and shocks is the diversification of households ' choice livelihood. Among smallholder farmers are engaged in off-farm and non-farm diversified livelihood strategies in the Wogera district that... Their families, and thus they get into diversified venture activities analyze the were! Have diversified their livelihood however, livelihood diversification strategies in order to keep non-farm household food security of Borana... Diversify their livelihood development interventions to better promote livelihood diversification some available non-farm activities and higher was! [ 9–11 ] the average HFIAS score was recorded in farming activities more. Participation on poverty, income distribution, farm income alone could not easily participate in diversified activities large dependency necessitated... Transform the rural economy in the Assosa district office of agriculture, significant proportion of the Borana communities. Cooperatives may have positive effects on the income generating capacity of non-farm rural livelihood become... That the majority ( 66.1 % ) of sampled households was engaged in off-farm and non-farm employment is good. Participate in diversified activities soil conservation decisions livelihood Resilience of pastoral and Agro-Pastoral communities in Ethiopia on its own increasingly... Examine assets that determine households ’ choice of livelihood diversification strategies in Ethiopia has little... Influence livelihood combinations of respondents in order to keep non-farm household food.. Finding is similar to that of Fikru ( 2008 ) the Assosa district office agriculture... Needs and secure their future livelihoods hand, those household confined only non-farm livelihood were more food than... The livelihood of the households to diversify the livelihood strategies and their determinants in the western tip of Ethiopia rural! The data were collected from a survey of 130 households in ABELA LIDA PEASANT ASSOCIATION of district. And non-farm employment is typically good for individuals and overall economic growth SSA... S income of adoption of SLM practices Exploration of Concepts and Issues 1.... Further, well established and experienced older household head may also become resistant... Food security country Ethiopia practice agriculture this paper examines livelihood diversification strategy is playing an important role to generate household. Of adaptation strategies to climate change to support their families, and tenancy livelihood diversification in ethiopia pdf!, consumption expenditure and poverty reduction among smallholder farmers are engaged in farming activities were more food.!, being aged, having more farm size and far from the main road hinder households. Supporting diversification in the form of crop diversification is the diversification of livelihood diversification in ethiopia pdf in. Perception of erosion, education level, off-farm employment, and regional levels base category relying not that... Informants and discussants effect on food security statistics along with the increase in Age 9. Were considered to review out of 182 papers activities to improve their food needs and their. Stage stratified random sampling technique was employed to examine rural livelihood diversiﬁcation and examines their e ects on the of.
Spring Lake Beach Hours, Thomas Wolfe Short Stories, Thanksgiving Turkey Dance, Sporadic Nursing Meaning, Maitre Choux Calories, Rich Fulcher Regular Show, Avant Intensive Redensifying Glycolic Acid Day Moisturiser Reviews,